Rare diseases, for greater visibility

rare disease

Rare diseases are more common than we can imagine and a large number of people are affected by this type of diseases globally. In this article, we explain some common characteristics of this type of diseases and the importance of diagnosing them appropriately. What are rare diseases?   Rare diseases can be defined as those […]

Difference between genetic and hereditary diseases

When we discuss genetic diseases or hereditary conditions, there is often confusion between these terms. Ultimately, both “genetic” and “hereditary” refer to our DNA and our genetic make-up. However, we need to make the difference between genetic and hereditary, as the two terms are not necessarily interchangeable. While both genetic and hereditary diseases are determined […]

What does it mean to be a carrier of a genetic disease?

Being a carrier of a genetic disease means that you have a variant related to a disease within your genetic material. This variant does not cause the disease and, generally, does not cause any symptoms, so why is it important to know if you are a carrier of a disease? In this article, we explain […]

What is the Polygenic Risk Score (PRS)?

Common diseases, such as cardiovascular disease or diabetes, are complex. This means that their onset depends as much on environmental factors as on diverse genetic factors. Establishing the genetic component associated with these diseases has been challenging. However, with a new approach call Polygenic Risk Score (PRS), now it is possible to detect a greater […]

7 very common skin diseases and their relationship with genetics

Some of the most common skin diseases are caused by infections, and others are the result of genetic factors combined with environmental factors. In this article, we bring you some examples of skin diseases caused by different factors, describing their symptoms, treatment and how to prevent them.  Skin and dermatology To learn  more about the characteristics […]

Medication allergies, why do they occur?

Medication allergies are an adverse reaction of the immune system caused by taking a specific drug, and sometimes this reaction can be serious. Although any drug can cause an allergy, some do so more frequently than others. In this post, we provide you with more information about allergies to medication and we give you insight about […]

DNA extracted from blood and other sources: how is it used in genetics?

Extracting DNA from blood sounds like a forensic practice we would see on TV shows, but what is its utility? While blood is one of the most commonly used samples to extract DNA, there are other sources from which DNA can be extracted. What is DNA? To begin with, let’s cover what DNA is and […]

Autism Spectrum Disorder: What are the main characteristics?

Autism, or autism spectrum disorder (ASD), refers not only to a single disease but to a wide range of conditions. Autistic people may present challenges with social, communication and behavioural skills. Whilst ASD can be very different for each person, there are some common characteristics that we can identify at different stages in life. In […]

Human Genome Project: What it is and how it paved the way for personalized medicine

During the past century, the scientific community has made significant discoveries which played a key role in deciphering the human genome: chromosomes were discovered to be the basis of inheritance; the DNA double helix was seen for the first time; the biological mechanism by which the cells read the information contained in the genes was […]

What Is Huntington’s Disease?

Huntington’s disease (HD) is an inherited condition affecting the brain function in a progressive manner. This means that it can be transmitted from parents to children and that its onset may start quite unobserved, with slow and steady development affecting the patient.  Most commonly, Huntington’s symptoms appear in adults aged 35-44. If it develops before […]

How blood groups are inherited and why it´s important that you know yours

Do you know your blood type? This is a question we should all be able to answer. It contains vital information for situations such as blood donations, transfusions or pregnancies. It is also very interesting to know how blood groups are inherited, a very common question asked in medical consultations. Do you want to know […]

The probability of having a boy or a girl according to genetics

Did you know that the probability of having a boy or a girl is determined by genetics? After all, foetal sex depends on whether the sperm cell carries an X or Y sex chromosome. Do you want to know why? It’s all in this article, where we also talk to you about the new methods for […]

Genetic alterations: the different causes and types

Did you know that all human beings share 99.9% of their genetic information? This means our uniqueness lies in the remaining 0.1%, which varies between individuals and determines our physical characteristics (phenotype), as well as how we respond to environmental factors. Want to find out more? In this article we delve into the different types of […]

Yolanda’s story: learn so you can prevent

To honour World Cancer Day this week, we want to emphasise how important prevention is as a tool in the fight against cancer. We want to share Yolanda’s story with you, because her experience is a perfect example of preventative medicine. “My name is Yolanda, I am 46 years old, I am married with 2 […]

Hereditary diseases, learn about a few examples

Did you know that we can pass on genetic disorders to our children, even if we do not suffer from them ourselves? In fact, we only need to be carriers to pass them down our offspring. In other words, even if we have not developed symptoms, if we are carriers, our children are at risk […]

Discover the preventive and personalised medicine of the 21st Century

As the saying goes, “prevention is better than cure”. This is the exact approach that preventive medicine takes for healthy people. It seeks to optimise strategies forpreserving and promoting good health, preventing disease and facilitating early diagnosis and treatment. Historically, patients have been treated according to their clinical signs and symptoms, irrespective of their personal […]

What is the purpose of cell-free foetal DNA screening?

Thanks to new tests that analyse foetal DNA from a mother’s blood sample, prenatal screening has changed drastically in the last decade. Evidence of circulating free DNA in the blood dates back to the late 1940s, but it wasn’t until the late 1990s that the existence of cell-free DNA from the foetus became clear. Also known […]

What are the benefits of genetic testing for hereditary cancer?

Genetic tests for hereditary cancer are designed to confirm or rule out if you have hereditary genetic mutations that are risk factors for a particular type of cancer. But what are the benefits of knowing if you have this predisposition? This article explains it all in detail! What is cancer and where does it come […]

Non-invasive prenatal test and newborn screening: what are my options?

Pregnancy is a period full of excitement and also doctors’ visits. It’s important to ensure there are no health complications for both mother and unborn child. There are different routine tests and check-ups for pregnant women to make sure everything is going well. However, thanks to advances in technology and science, it is possible to […]

Why do genetic tests that supposedly offer the same thing vary so much in price?

Most people have heard of genetics, but if you try to understand it in detail, it is just as hard as learning Mandarin. The inundation of information can be very overwhelming when you first start looking at the vast array of genetic tests available online. In reality, everyone has a different reason for wanting to […]